The UK-wide biomonitoring study commissioned by joint nature conservation committee and partners, including SEPA, which developed and tested biomonitoring methods suitable for assessing the impacts of atmospheric nitrogen on designated sites from key sources, including industrial point sources. Property Valuaton Brisbane biomonitoring steering group started a three-year verification programme for identified biological methods to include in future air quality and regulatory monitoring programmes.
SEPA was represented on the Department of the Environment, Food and Rural Affairs sponsored UK biomonitoring network for atmospheric pollution and climate change impacts. This project will ultimately provide appropriate SEPA staff with the skills required in performing such tasks under a regulatory role. SEPA is working with the Scottish Executive on a project to improve the simple calculation of ammonia impacts limits model to determine the impacts of intensive livestock farming on the environment. The Emissions Trading Directive requires the UK to establish an emissions trading scheme for greenhouse gases by January 2005.
Over 1,000 installations throughout England, Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales fall into the scheme, with 116 of these being in Scotland. Thirty installations in Scotland have opted out of the first phase of the scheme (2005–2007) due to their participation in the UK Emissions Trading Scheme and UK’s Climate Change Agreement scheme. The full scope of the scheme for Phase II will not be known until the commission approves the UK’s draft national allocation plan, which will not be submitted to the commission until summer 2006.
The air pollution information system is a web-based support tool for staff in the UK conservation and regulatory agencies, industry and local authorities. SEPA has continued to work with Scottish Executive in order to ensure that the implementation of the directive is undertaken to minimise costs to industry whilst maximising benefits to the environment. Land offers protection to air and water quality by filtering and retaining pollutants and regulating flow of both surface waters and groundwater. Land use and management are key factors in the protection of land quality, as activities taking place on land can have a wide range of chemical, physical and ecological impacts.